About This Date: 10/11/2011

1962: Opening of the Second Vatican Council
The Second Vatican Council, announced by Pope John XXIII in 1959, opened this day in 1962, lasted for three years, and remains a symbol (controversial to some) of the church’s readiness to adapt to modern life.

2002: The U.S. Congress passed a bill, by a wide margin, granting U.S. President George W. Bush broad authority to use force against Iraq.
2000: In a ceremony in London, the International Women of the Year Association awarded the title Greatest Woman Achiever of the Century to Russian cosmonaut Valentina V. Tereshkova, the first woman in space.
1974: The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) was established by President Gerald R. Ford to oversee the civilian use of nuclear materials in the United States.
1958: The unmanned U.S. deep-space probe Pioneer 1 was launched into lunar orbit.
1899: The South African (Boer) War began between Great Britain and the two Boer (Afrikaner) republics—the South African Republic (Transvaal) and the Orange Free State.
1890: The Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) was organized.

http://www.britannica.com  from the online Encyclopedia Britannica

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