On This Date: October 28th

Oct 28, 1965:
Gateway Arch completed

On this day in 1965, construction is completed on the Gateway Arch, a spectacular 630-foot-high parabola of stainless steel marking the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial on the waterfront of St. Louis, Missouri.

St. Louis on the Mississippi river by night. J...

The Gateway Arch, designed by Finnish-born, American-educated architect Eero Saarinen, was erected to commemorate President Thomas Jefferson‘s Louisiana Purchase of 1803 and to celebrate St. Louis’ central role in the rapid westward expansion that followed. As the market and supply point for fur traders and explorers—including the famous Meriwether Lewis and William Clark—the town of St. Louis grew exponentially after the War of 1812, when great numbers of people began to travel by wagon train to seek their fortunes west of the Mississippi River. In 1947-48, Saarinen won a nationwide competition to design a monument honoring the spirit of the western pioneers. In a sad twist of fate, the architect died of a brain tumor in 1961 and did not live to see the construction of his now-famous arch, which began in February 1963. Completed in October 1965, the Gateway Arch cost less than $15 million to build. With foundations sunk 60 feet into the ground, its frame of stressed stainless steel is built to withstand both earthquakes and high winds.

The Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, inc...

An internal tram system takes visitors to the top, where on a clear day they can see up to 30 miles across the winding Mississippi and to the Great Plains to the west. In addition to the Gateway Arch, the Jefferson Expansion Memorial includes the Museum of Westward Expansion and the Old Courthouse of St. Louis, where two of the famous Dred Scott slavery cases were heard in the 1860s.

Today, some 4 million people visit the park each year to wander its nearly 100 acres, soak up some history and take in the breathtaking views from Saarinen’s gleaming arch.

Also on This Day

American Revolution
British proclamation forbids residents from leaving Boston, 1775
Leif Erickson Tunnel completes 1,593-mile I-35, 1992
Civil War
The Second Battle of Fair Oaks concludes, 1864
Cold War
The Cuban Missile Crisis comes to an end, 1962
Chuck Berry goes on trial for the second time, 1961
Cyclone intensifies near India, 1999
General Interest
Statue of Liberty dedicated, 1886
Congress enforces prohibition, 1919
Julia Roberts born, 1967
George Bernard Shaw’s Mrs. Warren’s Profession is performed in New York, 1905
President Bill Clinton signs the Digital Millennium Copyright Act into law, 1998
Old West
Workers complete the famous Gateway Arch in St. Louis, Missouri, 1965
Grover Cleveland dedicates Statue of Liberty, 1886
Princeton-Chicago football game is broadcast across the country, 1922
Vietnam War
Khrushchev orders withdrawal of missiles from Cuba, 1962
U.S. officials deny any involvement in bombing of North Vietnam., 1964
Viet Cong commandos raid U.S. airfields, 1965
World War I
German sailors begin to mutiny, 1918
World War II
Italy invades Greece, 1940
This Week in History, Oct 28 – Nov 3

Oct 28, 1965
Gateway Arch completed
Oct 29, 1998
John Glenn returns to space
Oct 30, 1938
Welles scares nation
Oct 31, 1517
Martin Luther posts 95 theses
Nov 01, 1512
Sistine Chapel ceiling opens to public
Nov 02, 1947
Spruce Goose flies
Nov 03, 1964
D.C. residents cast first presidential votes

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s