On This Date- November 9th

Nov 9, 1938:

Nazis launch Kristallnacht

On this day in 1938, in an event that would foreshadow the Holocaust, German Nazis launch a campaign of terror against Jewish people and their homes and businesses in Germany and Austria. The violence, which continued through November 10 and was later dubbed “Kristallnacht,” or “Night of Broken Glass,” after the countless smashed windows of Jewish-owned establishments, left approximately 100 Jews dead, 7,500 Jewish businesses damaged and hundreds of synagogues, homes, schools and graveyards vandalized. An estimated 30,000 Jewish men were arrested, many of whom were then sent to concentration camps for several months; they were released when they promised to leave Germany. Kristallnacht represented a dramatic escalation of the campaign started by Adolf Hitler in 1933 when he became chancellor to purge Germany of its Jewish population.

Berlin's Fasanenstrasse synagogue after Krista...

The Nazis used the murder of a low-level German diplomat in Paris by a 17-year-old Polish Jew as an excuse to carry out the Kristallnacht attacks. On November 7, 1938, Ernst vom Rath was shot outside the German embassy by Herschel Grynszpan, who wanted revenge for his parents’ sudden deportation from Germany to Poland, along with tens of thousands of other Polish Jews. Following vom Rath’s death, Nazi propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels ordered German storm troopers to carry out violent riots disguised as “spontaneous demonstrations” against Jewish citizens. Local police and fire departments were told not to interfere. In the face of all the devastation, some Jews, including entire families, committed suicide.

In the aftermath of Kristallnacht, the Nazis blamed the Jews and fined them 1 billion marks (or $400 million in 1938 dollars) for vom Rath’s death. As repayment, the government seized Jewish property and kept insurance money owed to Jewish people. In its quest to create a master Aryan race, the Nazi government enacted further discriminatory policies that essentially excluded Jews from all aspects of public life.

The aftermath of Kristallnacht, Jewish shops v...

Over 100,000 Jews fled Germany for other countries after Kristallnacht. The international community was outraged by the violent events of November 9 and 10. Some countries broke off diplomatic relations in protest, but the Nazis suffered no serious consequences, leading them to believe they could get away with the mass murder that was the Holocaust, in which an estimated 6 million European Jews died.

Also on This Day

American Revolution
Sumter evades Wemyss in South Carolina, 1780
Automotive
Robert McNamara becomes president of Ford Motor Company, 1960
Civil War
Burnside assumes command of the Union Army of the Potomac, 1862
Cold War
East Germany opens the Berlin Wall, 1989
Crime
A Sunday school teacher murders his family and goes undercover for 18 years, 1971
Disaster
Fire rips through Boston, 1872
General Interest
Roosevelt travels to Panama, 1906
Nazis suppressed in Munich, 1923
Sartre renounces communists, 1956
The Great Northeast Blackout, 1965
Hollywood
Kodak Theatre, new home of Oscars, opens, 2001
Literary
Best-selling Millennium trilogy author Stieg Larsson dies at 50, 2004
Music
Willie Nelson’s assets are seized by the IRS, 1990
Old West
Followers of Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse identified as hostile, 1875
Presidential
Teddy Roosevelt establishes a naval base in the Philippines, 1901
Sports
Army and Notre Dame fight to a draw, 1946
Vietnam War
Antiwar protestor sets himself afire, 1965
Captain Lance Sijan shot down over North Vietnam, 1967
Supreme Court refuses to rule on legality of Vietnam War, 1970
World War I
Australian warship Sydney sinks German Emden , 1914
World War II
“The Night of Broken Glass”, 1938

This Week in History, Nov 9 – Nov 15

 

Nov 09, 1938
Nazis launch Kristallnacht
Nov 10, 1969
Sesame Street debuts
Nov 11, 1918
World War I ends
Nov 12, 1954
Ellis Island closes
Nov 13, 1982
Vietnam Veterans Memorial dedicated
Nov 14, 1851
Moby-Dick published
Nov 15, 1867
First stock ticker debuts

3 thoughts on “On This Date- November 9th

  1. Pingback: Home schooling in Germany

  2. Pingback: Doctor turned serial killer in World War II Paris By Elaine Lies « New Age

  3. Pingback: Dr. Paul Joseph Goebbels empfiehlt Tina Wendt vom Schwarzsonnenreich « VORSICHT FRISCH GESTRICHEN ::: Das offizielle Anti-Reichsdeppen-Forum ::: SCHWARZ WEISS ROT

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