The Marines Special Day

Nov 10, 1775:

Birth of the U.S. Marine Corps

Marine Corps Birthday During the American Revolution, the Continental Congress passes a resolution stating that “two Battalions of Marines be raised” for service as landing forces for the recently formed Continental Navy. The resolution, drafted by future U.S. president John Adams and adopted in Philadelphia, created the Continental Marines and is now observed as the birth date of the United States Marine Corps.

Serving on land and at sea, the original U.S. Marines distinguished themselves in a number of important operations during the Revolutionary War. The first Marine landing on a hostile shore occurred when a force of Marines under Captain Samuel Nicholas captured New Province Island in the Bahamas from the British in March 1776. Nicholas was the first commissioned officer in the Continental Marines and is celebrated as the first Marine commandant. After American independence was achieved in 1783, the Continental Navy was demobilized and its Marines disbanded.

oil on canvas depiction of the Battle of Nassau

In the next decade, however, increasing conflict at sea with Revolutionary France led the U.S. Congress to establish formally the U.S. Navy in May 1798. Two months later, on July 11, President John Adams signed the bill establishing the U.S. Marine Corps as a permanent military force under the jurisdiction of the Department of Navy. U.S. Marines saw action in the so-called Quasi-War with France and then fought against the Barbary pirates of North Africa during the first years of the 19th century. Since then, Marines have participated in all the wars of the United States and in most cases were the first soldiers to fight. In all, Marines have executed more than 300 landings on foreign shores.

Sketch of Tun Tavern in the Revolutionary War,...

Today, there are more than 200,000 active-duty and reserve Marines, divided into three divisions stationed at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina; Camp Pendleton, California; and Okinawa, Japan. Each division has one or more expeditionary units, ready to launch major operations anywhere in the world on two weeks’ notice. Marines expeditionary units are self-sufficient, with their own tanks, artillery, and air forces. The motto of the service is Semper Fidelis, meaning “Always Faithful” in Latin.

A big Happy Birthday and Semper Fi to all my jarhead brothers out there.-Bloggo


Look Out! Here Comes The Sperm Bike

Sperm bike comes to Seattle

Anthony Bolante / Reuters

Biological analyst Alan Dowden of the Seattle Sperm Bank rides the Sperm Bike, a custom-designed, high-tech bicycle used to deliver donated sperm to fertility clinics, in Seattle Nov. 8, 2011.

Anthony Bolante / Reuters

Biological analyst Alan Dowden of the Seattle Sperm Bank places a transportation container aboard the Sperm Bike, a custom-designed, high-tech bicycle used to deliver donated sperm to fertility clinics, in Seattle, Nov. 8, 2011.

From MarketWire:

Seattle has become the second city to showcase a ‘sperm bike’ making sperm  deliveries from a sperm bank to fertility clinics. The European Sperm Bank, one  of the largest in Europe and located in Copenhagen, Denmark — perhaps the  world’s most bike-friendly city — made news reports globally after it began  deliveries in a custom-designed bike with a cooling system built inside the  ‘sperm head‘ for storing tanks with sperm specimens.

The company’s CEO,  Peter Bower, says, “The first idea was how we could deliver to the fertility  clinics in a CO2-friendly way. Then we realized that the bike could promote both  cycling and the need for donors to help childless families around the world.”

The European Sperm Bank’s Seattle lab (  worked with Portland’s Splendid Cycles and to construct the sperm  structure, built of Jesmonite on top of a Bullitt cargo bike. With the tail, the  bike is 9 1/2 feet long and weighs about 110 pounds fully loaded. The Seattle  version includes a small electrical motor to give riders a boost on Seattle’s  many hills (unlike flat Copenhagen, where the assist is not needed).

Related articles

Circumcision bamboo sticks and got the interviews

Journalist Undergoes Bamboo-Stick Circumcision For Scoop

Wins award for “Best Scoop” on Papua New Guinea rebels

By Sara Dover

A dedicated journalist travelled through jungles, crossed rivers and got circumsized by bamboo sticks to get a scoop.

Simon Eroro of the Papua New Guinea Post-Courier was given the “Best Scoop” award by his employers at News International, Rupert Murdoch’s NewsCorp Australian Branch, for going above and beyond on an article about the movements of militants in Papua New Guinea, The Australian reports.

Journalist Undergoes Bamboo-Stick Circumcision For Scoop

Journalists are rarely granted access by Free West Papua rebels into their region. But the rebels, who are fighting for independence in Papua and West Papua from Indonesia, agreed to let Eroro in if he underwent a “cleansing.” He agreed to a circumsision with bamboo sticks and got the interviews.

He later wrote a story on the cross-border movements of the Free West Papua militants from Indonesia into Papua New Guinea, leading the police commissioner to tighten security along the border and close militant refugee camps, according to The Telegraph.

At an award ceremony Friday in Sydney attended by Murdoch, Eroro thanked his wife and eidtor for “trusting me and engaging me on that assignments.

Murdoch praised Eroro’s dedication, saying “Tonight, I have witness many examples of great journalism. it is the backbone of what makes News Limited a great company.”

DIY Multi-Sectional Curved Couch

Cool Curved Couch: Design Your Own Custom Sectional Sofa

Like a life-sized LEGO or tinker-toy set, this do-it-yourself modern sectional lets you wrap and twist one, two, three or more modules together in all kinds of clever and unique formations to suit any living or dining room space (and double as a sleeper as well).

Unlike many of its contemporary equivalents every part of these pieces comes into play, from the fronts and backs to the back rests and legs – arm supports morph into leaning surfaces and transform back again. Bright-colored accent pieces (ottomans and other accessories) can be set up to contrast with the stark whites and blacks or mellow grays and browns of the main sofa elements.

One could even imagine cool modular configurations in which the whole snake-like couch form stretches from one room into the next, connecting people across various rooms during parties or even for everyday use depending upon the particular plan and layout of a home and its existing furnishings. Forget one-piece, two-piece or three-piece variants – really, one of these could go on forever.

From Dornob

News Photo Image Of The Day- Lone Protester

Lone Occupy Atlanta protester arrested inside park

The AP reports:

Atlanta police said one protester draped in an American flag inside Woodruff Park was arrested after refusing to leave by a Sunday night curfew, and four other people on bicycles were arrested near the park — three for traffic violations and one for obstruction of a law enforcement officer.


Erik S. Lesser / AP

The 23-year-old woman in the park was warned three times in English and Spanish to leave before she was arrested, police spokesman Carlos Campos said.

At the time, dozens more demonstrators chanting slogans like “We’re hungry! We’re poor! What are you wasting our money for?” stood behind barricades surrounding the park, where police had warned they would enforce an 11 p.m. curfew.

Occupy Atlanta organizer Tim Franzen said having one person protesting was just as powerful as several. Read the full story.
See more pictures from the global Occupy protests on PhotoBlog.


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You’ve Got Me Going In Circles- Digital Circlism Art

Artist Makes Celebrity Portraits from Thousands of Circles

By  Spooky

Using an original technique he calls Digital Circlism, artist Ben Heine creates detailed portraits of celebrities like Eminem, Bob Marley or Elvis Presley.

A Belgian artist born in the Ivory Coast, Heine is most famous for his Pencil vs Camera series, which was covered by many of the major online media outlets, but his Digital Circlism portraits are equally, if not more impressive. Using a sharp round brush in Photoshop CS4, he applies thousands of circles on a black background, until he creates a colorful, realistic portrait. You might think he uses some kind of automated process to apply every circle, but that’s actually the most remarkable thing about Ben Heine – he adds every one of the circles individually. Each circle has a different color, a different tone and a different size, which makes creating a single one of these artworks very time consuming. His latest work, a portrait of hip-hop icon Eminem, is made exclusively with flat circles on a black background, and took nine days of intensive labour to complete.

A new technique, developed by Ben Heine himself, Digital Circlism could certainly develop into an important artistic movement.

Photos by Ben Heine via
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Mind Food From Great Ones

7 Lessons From 7 Great Minds

Have you ever wished you could go back in time and have a conversation with one of the greatest minds in history? Well, you can’t sorry, they’re dead. Unless of course you’re clairaudient, be my guest. But for the rest of us, we can still refer to the words they left behind.

Even though these great teachers have passed on, their words still live, and in them their wisdom. I’ve made a list of seven what I believe are some of the greatest teachings by the world’s greatest minds.

1. Realizing Your Dreams

“If you don’t know where you are going, you’ll end up someplace else.”
– Lawrence J. Peter

In order for us to achieve our dreams, we must have a vision of our goals. Writing down our dreams and creating a list of actions helps us stick to our plan. As it’s said “if you can’t measure it, you can’t manage it”. When we turn our goals into measurable actions, we gain clarity and are able to see the necessary steps we must take in order to achieve them.

Action: Visualize a life of your wildest dreams. What did you dream of doing when you were a child? What would you do if you had a million dollars? Create a vision for your goals and start breaking them down into small actions that you can take on a day by day basis.

2. Overcoming Fear

“It was a high counsel that I once heard given to a young person, “Always do what you are afraid to do.”
Ralph Waldo Emerson

Ralph Waldo Emerson

The best way to learn something is to dive right in to it. When we overcome our fear of failure, we learn that only those who are asleep make no mistakes. Fear is the only thing keeping us from experiencing a life of love and fulfillment. If we make a commitment to an uncompromisable quest for truth, we will realize that as we grow more into the truth, our fears start to disappear.

Action: You must define your fears in order to conquer them. Create a list of everything you’re afraid of and start facing them one at a time. Make a commitment to yourself now to not let fear rule your life.

3. Intention and Desire

“All that we are is the result of what we have thought. The mind is everything. What we think, we become.”– Guatama Buddha

Our thoughts determine our reality. When we stop thinking about what we don’t and begin thinking about what we do want, our lives begin to transform. Instead of working against our desires and intentions, we move into alignment with them.

Action: Create a list of your intentions and desires. Wherever you go, take this list with you. Read it when you wake up and before you go to sleep.

4. Happiness

“Happiness depends more on the inward disposition of mind than on outward circumstances.”
Benjamin Franklin

Happiness comes from an inner peace, understanding and acceptance of life; a perspective of truth that opens your eyes to the beauty of life all around us. Happiness cannot be achieved by external status, it must be an internal state that we realize when we see our innate perfection.

Action: Realize that happiness is a choice. In every decision you make ask yourself “how can I respond to make myself happy and fulfilled?”

5. Self Acceptance

“If a house be divided against itself, that house cannot stand.” – Jesus

When we stop trying to be what we are not, we realize our authenticity. Before we had knowledge, we were completely authentic. We learn to use knowledge to measure and judge, which is a powerful tool we have as humans. However we create an image of perfection in our mind of what we should be, but are not. We confuse knowledge for nature. We believe in the lie of our imperfection. When we realize this we can reclaim the truth of our perfection and live in love and acceptance.

Action: Make a commitment to never go against yourself. Practice non-judgment and realize that the same part of your mind that condemns you is the same voice that caused you to take the action in the first place. We don’t even have to believe what we say to ourselves.

6. Appreciation and Gratitude

“So much has been given to me, I have not time to ponder over that which has been denied.” Helen Keller

How many times do we count our misfortunes rather than our blessings? When we take time to open our eyes to the miracle of life we can see the many gifts that have been given to us. Remembering all the beautiful aspects of life and all the reasons you are blessed can immediately shift our mood. We can move from sorrow and despair to appreciation and hope.

Helen Keller.

Action: Each time you find yourself complaining about something, re-direct your focus to something you are grateful for. Make a habit of transforming your awareness of troubles into an awareness of abundance.

7. The Art of Simplicity

“I made this letter longer than usual because I lack the time to make it short.”
– Blaise Pascal

Perfection is not when there is nothing to add, but when there is nothing more to take away. As Bruce Lee once said “the height of cultivation always runs to simplicity.” True mastery of our lives is realizing the simple joys of life, removing distractions and clutter from our lives.

Action: The art of simplicity is knowing what to take away. Practice recognizing when you’re spending your time on unimportant tasks and re-focus on the important.

This list is by no means exhaustive. There are other many great teachings that I did not include here because I felt like they were already expounded on thoroughly elsewhere, such as Einstein and Gandhi’s timeless classics. There are also great teachings to be found from our parents or friends.

Courtesy of

The Badlands & Great Plains- Not so great and pretty bad for Lakotas

South Dakota’s Badlands are rich in culture, rife in poverty

Photojournalist Danny Wilcox Frazier writes:

The Badlands of South Dakota is one of the most economically depressed regions in the United States. Though surrounded by common social strife as a result, rich traditional culture survives since much of the Badlands are part of the Pine Ridge Reservation, home of the Oglala Lakota. Once led by the legendary war chief Crazy Horse, Pine Ridge is also where some 300 men, women, and children were slaughtered by the 7th Cavalry at the Massacre of Wounded Knee in 1890, the tragic end to the Indian Wars.

Danny Wilcox Frazier for

Locals attend the youth rodeo at Oglala on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota.  Lakota traditions as well as Western culture are strong throughout the reservation.

Conditions on the Pine Ridge Reservation are comparable to the most impoverished nations in the world. Two out of three people on the reservation live below the federal poverty line, and the unemployment rate hovers between eighty-five and ninety percent. Life expectancy is 48 years for men and 52 for women. Faced with staggering poverty, the Lakota work to preserve tradition, culture, and maintain their community.

Danny Wilcox Frazier for

One of Nancy Broken Rope’s twelve grandchildren who live with her hides inside a kitchen cupboard in Allen on the Pine Ridge Reservation.  Broken Rope has 18 members of her family living with her, while the average number of people living in a single family home on the reservation is 17.

The Lakota are not the only people who struggle economically in the region today. Small towns across the Badlands suffer greatly as national economic shifts bankrupt and depopulate many rural communities. Broken-down ranches litter the landscape while leather-faced cowboys seemingly as old as the soil itself pass in sun-faded pickups. Many ranchers in South Dakota are descendants of the land-hungry settlers who historically pressured the federal government to take Lakota territory and confine the Lakota to reservations. Now, both Indians and whites live in isolation in the Badlands, forgotten communities left to survive as best they can.

Danny Wilcox Frazier for

The Great Plains of southwestern South Dakota.

Danny Wilcox Frazier is unusual in the world of photography. Instead  of gravitating to the media hub of New York City or far flung war  zones, he works as a freelance photographer in Iowa City, Iowa. While he’s  always been drawn to documenting the emptying of rural America, recent  data from the Census Bureau emphasizes the trend: the rural population  has dropped from 20% to 16% of the nation’s total in ten years.

Danny Wilcox Frazier for

Friends gather to practice steer roping near Kadoka, South Dakota. Traditional Western life still lives strong through the region surrounding the Badlands.

For this most recent look at rural America, Frazier spent a month this summer  in the southwest corner of South Dakota. He’s been visiting the area frequently since 2008. See  the  complete story at which commissioned the work in   conjunction with Leica Camera.

Danny Wilcox Frazier for

John Neumann and first cousin, Colten Triebwasser, take a break from cutting hay and vaccinating cattle on the Neumann ranch near Cactus Flat, S.D.  Neumann lives with his wife, Julie, on their self-described “dirt poor” horse and cattle ranch in southwestern South Dakota.  They struggled to survive eight straight years of drought that ended in 2008, only to be challenged by high fuel costs once the rain fall improved.

Frazier wants to bring attention to the people who still live there.   Why? “Land is still one of our nation’s greatest assets and if no one is   living in these rural places, how that land is being used, treated or   disregarded, there’s no oversight of that…We need to have a rural   population to watch out for and invest in rural places, and maintain our   rural culture,” Frazier says.

See more of Frazier’s work on rural America in an urban age: Driftless: Stories from Iowa

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This future kitchen concept from 1943- Really?

Cooking Up Technology: Sweet Retrofuturistic 1943 Kitchen

When past generations thought about the future, their predictions often centered on making home life easier. And where was there more room for improvement than in the kitchen? Before dishwashers, microwave ovens and garbage disposals, moms of the past (and, rarely, dads) spent a large amount of time in the kitchen preparing meals and cleaning up. So naturally, the perception of the future kitchen was one of convenience and automation.

This future kitchen concept from 1943 predicted that we’d do away with pots, pans and serving dishes in favor of recessed vessels that would do it all. These chambers, made of a futuristic material called Therm-X, were set into the cooking surface and made the kitchen into a buffet. Rather than carrying serving dishes to the table, mom could simply dish up portions from right there in the kitchen.

The unit’s refrigerator was an amazing chamber set into the surface of the cooking area, with a glass door to let mom know what was inside and two openings so that items could be retrieved from the kitchen or from the adjoining dining alcove. The cooker likewise featured a glass door and state-of-the-art temperature regulation. It featured a motor-driven spit so that mom could keep an eye on the rotating roast from every angle. Even the toaster was set into the countertop surface, giving even more functionality to the all-in-one space.

When the integrated sliding cover was pulled over the cooking/food prep surface, the entire setup would become a desk or bar surface. The original article, which was run in the Uniontown, PA Morning Herald, claimed that washing dishes would be a thing of the past, and that the majority of the cook’s work could be done sitting down. That’s one improvement that actually has come to pass, though today the cook is often sitting in the other room watching TV while our amazing appliances take care of nearly everything.

Without A Car? Best 10 Cities To Do Without

The best cities to live car-free in America 

NYC and San Francisco? Sure, but LA makes the list despite its auto-centric reputation

By Charles B. Stockdale

Several factors make a city easy to live in without a car. The most important one is a widely available and efficient public transportation system. Another is having daily amenities, such as groceries, shopping, schools and entertainment, nearby and within easy reach on foot or by bicycling. The best cities have both features and 24/7 Wall St. has identified the ten best ones to live without a car.

For people without cars, large cities with dense populations can be easier to handle if they have exceptional levels of “walkability.” New York City, for example, is great for a car-free lifestyle because the majority of daily conveniences are reachable on foot. In Boston, the situation is similar. Both cities also have highly efficient public rail systems. As a result, people can easily get to work even if the distance is too far for walking.

Image: Bicyclist in Portland, Ore.

AP Portland, Ore., has the second highest rate of commuters who ride bikes to work in the country.

More sprawling metropolitan areas can also be easier to negotiate for those without cars as long as they have highly developed public transit systems. The Los Angeles metropolitan area runs more than 500 bus lines, covering 96 percent of neighborhoods. Similarly, San Jose covers nearly 96 percent by running about 100 bus lines. Although these cities do not have exceptional levels of rail service, residents can avoid owning automobiles by relying on city buses.

The majority of cities that are easy to maneuver on foot or by public access also have relatively large bicycle communities. For example, more people bike to work in a city like Portland, Ore., than in a city like San Antonio, Texas, which is not very pedestrian or bicyclist friendly. These cities tend to have an exceptional number of programs and bylaws for bicyclists. Seven of the cities on the 24/7 Wall St.’s list are also featured on Bicycling magazine’s list of the top 50 bike-friendly cities.

To compile this list of the best cities to live in without a car, 24/7 Wall St. examined the 100 largest metropolitan areas. In each city, we looked at the percentage of neighborhoods covered by public transit, the frequency of service for those neighborhoods and the share of jobs reachable within 90 minutes or less by public transit for people living in those neighborhoods, all provided by the Brookings Institution. We also looked at the “walk score” for the primary city of each metropolitan area, provided by research group Walk Score. This number represents how accessible amenities are for residents of a city on foot. Finally, we considered the percentage of commuters who bike to work, using data from the Census Bureau.

Having cities that allow easy car-free living has other benefits. Nick Spang of Walk Score told 24/7 Wall St. via email: “Walkable neighborhoods are one of the simplest and best solutions for the environment, our health and our economy.”

These are 24/7 Wall St.’s best cities to live in without a car:

10. Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass. to N.H.
Transit coverage:
69.4 percent (36th highest)
Service frequency (minutes): 8.9 (16th lowest)
Jobs reachable in 90 minutes: 30.2 percent (43rd highest)
Walk score: 79.2 (3rd highest)
Commuters who bike: 0.7 percent (21st highest)

The Boston-Cambridge-Quincy metropolitan area’s greatest strength for those without an automobile is the prevalence of dense, easily manageable communities. This makes it exceptionally easy for residents to reach amenities such as groceries, restaurants, shopping and schools. The metropolitan area’s primary city, Boston, has the third-highest walk score in the country. The area’s public transit also has a relatively high service frequency rate, making its use that much more convenient for the city’s residents.

9. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif.
Transit coverage:
96 percent (2nd highest)
Service frequency (minutes): 6.2 (2nd lowest)
Jobs reachable in 90 minutes: 25.6 percent (69th highest)
Walk score: 65.9 (14th highest)
Commuters who bike: 0.87 percent (14th highest)

Los Angeles is the second largest city by population in the United States, and its metropolitan area is fairly spread out. Due to its extensive public transit system the area has avoided a complete automobile-based culture. The metro area’s 19 transit systems have more than 500 bus routes. As a result, 96 percent of neighborhoods are within 0.75 miles to a transit stop — the second highest rate in the country. Better still, commuters can catch a form of public transportation from their nearest stop every 6.2 minutes.

8. Salt Lake City, Utah
Transit coverage:
89 percent (8th highest)
Service frequency (minutes): 8.5 (11th lowest)
Jobs reachable in 90 minutes: 58.9 percent (2nd highest)
Walk score: 57.6 (29th highest)
Commuters who bike: 0.78 percent (17th highest)

Utah’s population is expected to grow from 2010’s approximately 3 million to 4.4 million in 2030. Salt Lake County accounts for more than one-third of the state’s population. To accommodate this growth, the Utah Transit Authority has plans to add four more lines to its light rail system, TRAX, up from its current three lines. This investment is meant to improve transportation for the suburban and exurban population to the city. In the winter, the UTA runs ski transit lines in addition to its rail and bus services.

7. Denver-Aurora, Colo.
Transit coverage:
83.7 percent (12th highest)
Service frequency (minutes): 8.1 (10th lowest)
Jobs reachable in 90 minutes: 47.5 percent (10th highest)
Walk score: 60.4 (23rd highest)
Commuters who bike: 0.79 percent (16th highest)

Denver has bus service, light rail lines, and an airport shuttle service. The city is currently undergoing a multibillion dollar expansion of its transit system, called the FasTracks Expansion. This plan is meant to increase light rail, commuter rail and bus rapid transit lines. The project, which is expected to be completed in 2019, currently faces a $2 billion shortfall.

6. San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif.
Transit coverage:
95.6 percent (3rd highest)
Service frequency (minutes): 6.9 (5th lowest)
Jobs reachable in 90 minutes: 58.4 percent (3rd highest)
Walk score: 54.5 (34th highest)
Commuters who bike: 1.56 percent (7th highest)

The San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara metropolitan area’s public transportation is overseen by the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority. Like Los Angeles, the area relies heavily on buses, running about 100 routes. Public transit covers 95.6 percent of neighborhoods, the third greatest in the country. Public vehicles also run under 7 minutes apart, the fifth smallest frequency. The metro area also has the seventh highest rate of commuters who travel to work by bicycle.

5. Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, Wash.
Transit coverage:
85.3 percent (11th highest)
Service frequency (minutes): 8.8 (15th lowest)
Jobs reachable in 90 minutes: 33.4 percent (35th highest)
Walk score: 73.6 (6th highest)
Commuters who bike: 1.07 percent (9th highest)

Seattle’s public transportation system not only includes bus and rail transit, but a monorail in the city center, as well as ferries. The city also has the sixth highest walk score in the country, due to its high number of easily accessible amenities. According to Bicycling magazine, Seattle is one of the most bike-friendly cities in the country and “has a 10-year, $240-million bike master plan that seeks to triple the number of journeys made by bike and add 450 miles of bike paths.”

4. Honolulu, Hawaii
Transit coverage:
97 percent (the highest)
Service frequency (minutes): 9 (18th highest)
Jobs reachable in 90 minutes: 59.8 percent (the highest)
Walk score: 63 (19th highest)
Commuters who bike: 0.95 percent (12th highest)

Honolulu currently does not have an urban rail system, but its bus system helps cover 97 percent of neighborhoods — the highest rate in the country. Additionally, almost 60 percent of jobs are accessible within 90 minutes to those who live in neighborhoods covered by transit. This is also the highest rate in the country. Nevertheless, the city is planning a $5.5 billion rail project called the Honolulu Rail Transit Project. This will include 20 miles of track, connecting East Kapolei with the Honolulu International Airport and downtown Honolulu and will end at Ala Moana Center.

3. New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa.
Transit coverage:
89.6 percent (7th highest)
Service frequency (minutes): 4.5 (the highest)
Jobs reachable in 90 minutes: 36.6 percent (25th highest)
Walk score: 85.3 (the highest)
Commuters who bike: 0.52 percent (32nd highest)

New York City ranks first in the nation for total number of passenger trips and government spending per capita on public transit, according to US News. It also has the highest rate of service frequency. The Metropolitan Transportation Authority’s 2010 operating budget was $13.4 billion. The average weekday ridership for the city is estimated to be over 8.4 million trips. The city also has the highest walk score on this list, thanks to the ability of city dwellers to reach just about any amenity on foot.

2. Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, Ore.-Wash.
Transit coverage:
83.5 percent (13th highest)
Service frequency (minutes): 7.4 (8th lowest)
Jobs reachable in 90 minutes: 39.9 percent (16th highest)
Walk score: 66.3 (13th highest)
Commuters who bike: 2.23 percent (2nd highest)

Portland is such a good place for people to live without a car due to both its public transit system and the ease of walking and biking around the city. The metropolitan area is served by TriMet, which in addition to other services offers a Free Rail Zone — a region that includes most of downtown Portland and where light rail and streetcar rides are always free. The city has a number of benefits for bike riders, including designated bike-only areas at traffic signals and free bike lights. It has the second highest rate of commuters who ride bikes to work in the country.

1. San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, Calif.
Transit coverage:
91.7 percent (5th highest)
Service frequency (minutes): 8.5 (12th highest)
Jobs reachable in 90 minutes: 34.8 (30th highest)
Walk score: 84.9 (2nd highest)
Commuters who bike: 1.65 percent (6th highest)

San Francisco is held in high regard for its many successful transit systems, including the San Francisco Municipal Transportation Authority and the Bay Area Rapid Transit district. These systems cover nearly 92 percent of neighborhoods — the fifth highest rate in the country. San Francisco also has the second highest walk score and is excellent for bicyclists. Commuter rails within the city allow bicyclists to mount with their bicycles, and there is a bike shuttle across the Bay Bridge to help cyclists during rush hour.

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