On This Date: October 18th

Oct 18, 1867:

U.S. takes possession of Alaska

On this day in 1867, the U.S. formally takes possession of Alaska after purchasing the territory from Russia for $7.2 million, or less than two cents an acre. The Alaska purchase comprised 586,412 square miles, about twice the size of Texas, and was championed by William Henry Seward, the enthusiasticly expansionist secretary of state under President Andrew Johnson.

A political cartoon of Andrew Johnson and Abra...
Image via Wikipedia

Russia wanted to sell its Alaska territory, which was remote, sparsely populated and difficult to defend, to the U.S. rather than risk losing it in battle with a rival such as Great Britain. Negotiations between Seward (1801-1872) and the Russian minister to the U.S., Eduard de Stoeckl, began in March 1867. However, the American public believed the land to be barren and worthless and dubbed the purchase “Seward’s Folly” and “Andrew Johnson’s Polar Bear Garden,” among other derogatory names. Some animosity toward the project may have been a byproduct of President Johnson’s own unpopularity. As the 17th U.S. president, Johnson battled with Radical Republicans in Congress over Reconstruction policies following the Civil War. He was impeached in 1868 and later acquitted by a single vote. Nevertheless, Congress eventually ratified the Alaska deal. Public opinion of the purchase turned more favorable when gold was discovered in a tributary of Alaska’s Klondike River in 1896, sparking a gold rush. Alaska became the 49th state on January 3, 1959, and is now recognized for its vast natural resources. Today, 25 percent of America’s oil and over 50 percent of its seafood come from Alaska. It is also the largest state in area, about one-fifth the size of the lower 48 states combined, though it remains sparsely populated. The name Alaska is derived from the Aleut word alyeska, which means “great land.” Alaska has two official state holidays to commemorate its origins: Seward’s Day, observed the last Monday in March, celebrates the March 30, 1867, signing of the land treaty between the U.S. and Russia, and Alaska Day, observed every October 18, marks the anniversary of the formal land transfer.

This Week in History, Oct 18 – Oct 24

Oct 18, 1867
U.S. takes possession of Alaska
Oct 19, 1781
Victory at Yorktown
Oct 20, 1947
Congress investigates Reds in Hollywood
Oct 21, 1959
Guggenheim Museum opens in New York City
Oct 22, 1962
Cuban Missile Crisis
Oct 23, 2002
Hostage crisis in Moscow theater
Oct 24, 1901
First barrel ride down Niagara Falls
From HISTORY.COM
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2 thoughts on “On This Date: October 18th

  1. Pingback: Where We’ve Been; Where are We Going? « nebraskaenergyobserver

  2. Pingback: Turn back the clock |

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